Juvenile Treatment & Intervention Services
Director: O. Martin Pharr, Ph.D.
Treatment and Intervention Services ensures appropriate clinical treatment and youth development interventions for youths served in juvenile justice facilities and programs. Clinical treatment/programming includes medical, psychiatric, dental, nutritional, psychological, substance abuse, recreational, spiritual and case management services. Additionally, this unit provides oversight of the education programming in youth development centers, juvenile detention centers and contracted community-based residential programs, and is charged with fulfilling all state and federal mandates of a traditional school system.
Juvenile Education Services
Juvenile Education Services (JES) features a team of qualified professionals assigned to the Central Office that provide the administrative oversight and support to school principals, licensed teachers and other school educational staff to ensure quality educational services and adherence to state and federal guidelines and requirements. Monitored and supported areas include Curriculum and Instruction, Exceptional Children's Services, Student Support Services and Teacher Quality/Professional Development. This team works collaboratively with staff at the youth development centers, juvenile detention centers, and contracted community residential programs to ensure optimal education and re-entry outcomes for youth. The N.C. Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI) provides programmatic consultation and guidance to JES Central Office staff.
Departmental resources for JES are supplemented by the following federal education grants administered by NCDPI:
- Title I, Part D (Neglected and Delinquent)
- IDEA Title VI-B (Handicapped)
- Title II, Part A (Improving Teacher Quality)
- Carl D. Perkins (Vocational Technical Education)
The following education sites are supported by JES:
- Chatham Youth Development Center
- C.A. Dillon Youth Development Center
- Dobbs Youth Development Center
- Stonewall Jackson Youth Development Center
- Alexander Juvenile Detention Center
- Cumberland Regional Juvenile Detention Center
- Cabarrus Regional Juvenile Detention Center
- New Hanover Regional Juvenile Detention Center
- Pitt Regional Juvenile Detention Center
- Wake Juvenile Detention Center
- WestCare Girls Academy
Administrator of Juvenile Education: O. Martin Pharr, Ph.D.
Director of Curriculum and Instruction and Student Support Services: Dr. Voris W. McBurnette
Director of Exceptional Children's Program and Student Support Services: Cynthia Trickel, M.Ed.
Director of Accountability: Kristen Byrd, M.Ed.
Juvenile Nutrition Services
Youth development centers and juvenile detention centers participate in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's National School Lunch and School Breakfast Programs. Juvenile Nutrition Services features a team of professionals assigned to the Central Office that work to ensure compliance with federal and state nutrition standards and menu-planning approaches. This team works collaboratively with center food service supervisors and their staff along with center directors and other staff to ensure optimal nutritional outcomes for youth. Youth's nutritional literacy is targeted as an education goal while promoting healthy food consumption at the centers.
The School Nutrition Services Section of the N.C. Department of Public Instruction conducts a required comprehensive program review of Juvenile Justice's School Nutrition Program every three years. This review measures compliance in areas including meal access, eligibility and reimbursement, benefit issuance, meal counting and claiming, dietary specifications and nutrition standards, meal patterns, food safety, civil rights, local wellness policies, accountability and recordkeeping, financial management, procurement and other areas as described in the federal regulations. This review is overseen by the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Child Nutrition Program Administrator: Lynne Williams
CNP Administrative Officers: Carolyn Cash
Juvenile Health Services
Juvenile Health Services is dedicated to meeting the health and health education needs of the youths in juvenile justice facilities. Professional medical staff screen and assess youth upon admission, develop healthcare plans and provide appropriate interventions and/or follow-up that may include referral for specialty assessment and intervention. Oversight and management of health care services in juvenile justice facilities are provided by supervisory medical staff assigned to the Central Office. These staff are responsible for health care services evaluation, problem identification, solution recommendations and the facilitation of needed changes and supports to provide positive health outcomes for youth. Guidance to center staff also focuses on the provision of appropriate health education and health skill development, acknowledging that adolescence is a unique and critical stage of human development. Health literacy and competence is a pervasive focus.
Manager of Juvenile Health Services: Dale Floyd, RN, BSN, M.Ed, NCSN
Assistant Manager: Judy Taylor, RN
Juvenile Mental Health and Positive Youth Development Programming Services
A complex and pivotal segment of juvenile healthcare is mental health. Licensed mental health clinicians (LMHCs) screen and assess youth upon admission and develop treatment plans provide appropriate psychotherapeutic interventions and/or follow-up that may include referral to contracted psychiatry staff or to specialized mental health settings in the community.
Juvenile Justice enacts a comprehensive strategy designed to prevent and reduce juvenile crime and delinquency. In keeping with this strategy, LMHCs assess each youth upon admission to youth development centers for risk factors that are known contributors to delinquent behavior. Guided by assessment results, LMHCs provide individual and group treatment interventions targeting dynamic criminogenic (crime-producing) risk factors. These interventions are designed to minimize risk factors that contribute to delinquent behavior and build protective factors that enable the flourishing of law-abiding, pro-social attitudes and behavior. The work of the LMHCs is supervised by psychological program managers. Psychological program managers also provide assessment and treatment support for complex mental cases and may provide administrative oversight for social work supervisors and nurse supervisors at a youth development center campus.
The responsibility for reducing juvenile crime is also shared by direct care staff at juvenile justice centers. These staff are trained to create and maintain a therapeutic environment in the centers and to provide therapeutic interactions designed to promote youth's development and display of pro-social skills and behavior. Staff are trained in models of care that are based on research-supported principles that address risk factors for antisocial and delinquent behavior. Training support and model fidelity monitoring are provided by a central office-based LMHC who also identifies and coordinates internal and external resources in an ongoing effort to enhance staff effectiveness as agents of change.
The comprehensive strategy also involves the provision of evidence-based clinical and non-clinical intervention and prevention programs to at-risk youth under the auspices of Juvenile Crime Prevention Councils (JCPCs) across the state. Technical assistance and consultative support to JCPC Consultants in the areas of mental health assessment and treatment, criminogenic factor reduction and program implementation science, is provided by a psychological interventions and program implementation specialist who works closely with the JJ Community Programs section as well as JJ secure centers.
Psychological Interventions and Implementation Specialist: Jean Steinberg, Ph.D.
Psychological Program Managers: Janet Clarke-McLean, Ph.D.
Erin Jackson, Ph.D.
Virginia Edwards, Ph.D.
Clinical Programs Fidelity Manager: Dawn Thomas, M.A.
Social Work Services
Juvenile Justice social workers are responsible for coordinating and monitoring all services relevant to the committed youth's individualized service plan and serves as the primary contact to the family, court counselor and community agencies while placed at a youth development center. Upon admission, social workers compile relevant social history and provide a community re-entry plan to be reviewed at each monthly multidisciplinary service planning meeting. They gather information from the interdisciplinary team in order to prepare a written YDC Discharge Summary and coordinate and chair post-release supervision planning conferences prior to community re-entry. This conference includes the juvenile, parent or guardian, court counselor, representatives of involved community agencies and stakeholders as well as YDC staff. Social workers help ensure that a plan of supervision is developed that is based on the protection of the public and the specific needs of the juvenile. Oversight and technical support is provided by center-assigned social work supervisors and the statewide Juvenile Social Work Director and Assistant Director.
Director of Juvenile Social Work Services: Angela R. Taylor
Assistant Director: Vacant