Hazard Mitigation Grant Program

The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) assists states and local communities in implementing long-term mitigation measures following a Presidential Disaster Declaration.

 To meet these objectives, FEMA can fund up to 75 percent of the eligible costs of each project. The state or local cost-share match does not need to be cash; in kind services or materials may also be used. Federal funding under the HMGP is based on 15 percent of the federal funds spent on the Public and Individual Assistance programs (minus administrative expenses) for each disaster declaration.

 The HMGP can be used to fund projects to protect either public or private property so long as the projects in question fit within the State and local government's overall mitigation strategy (e.g. local mitigation plans) for the disaster area. The project must also comply with program guidelines. Eligible activities under the HMGP include the acquisition or relocation of structures from hazard-prone areas, the retrofitting of existing structures, and the development of state or local standards designed to protect buildings from future damages (Source: FEMA). 

 HMGP Process

 After a presidential disaster declaration, local governments conduct community outreach meetings. Federal and state officials attend these meetings to provide information and answer questions about state and federal assistance. Property owners interested in acquisition, elevation, or relocation projects must submit a completed owner interest form to the local government. The local government then forwards the forms, along with a completed application, to the Hazard Mitigation Section of North Carolina Emergency Management.

 After the division receives the necessary forms and records, the application is reviewed for eligibility. Included in this review is a check of any environmental concerns that may be present. Once the review process is complete, North Carolina Emergency Management submits the application to FEMA for review and final approval. 

Eligible HMGP Projects may be of any nature that will result in protection of public or private property from natural hazards. Some types of projects that may be eligible include: 

  • Acquisition of hazard-prone property and conversion to open space
  • Retrofitting existing buildings and facilities
  • Elevation of flood-prone structures
  • Vegetative management/soil stabilization
  • Infrastructure protection measures
  • Stormwater management
  • Minor structural flood control projects
  • Post-disaster code enforcement activities
  • Development or improvement of warning systems