CJAC Gang-Related Research
Criminal Justice Analysis Center
The Criminal Justice Analysis Center (CJAC) has conducted research and analysis of criminal gang activity in North Carolina since 1997. The first comprehensive statewide assessment of gang activity was published in 2000 with multiple reports since that time. Over the past 20 years, the Governor's Crime Commission has administered numerous local and statewide grants to combat the presence of criminal gangs by targeting prevention, intervention and suppression, as well as law enforcement and community gang awareness and training initiatives. The N.C. General Assembly allocated funding to the GCC to bolster these efforts in fiscal years 2008 and 2009. Further, Session Law 2008 – 187 Section 7 provided the GCC submit an annual update to the General Assembly detailing the statewide level of gangs and gang members as validated in NC GangNET. This page provides a complete listing of gang-related research conducted by the analysis center to date.
The earlier CJAC studies on criminal gang activities relied on surveys of law enforcement agencies utilizing non-standardized gang definitions and had modest response rates. In 2008, CJAC started using aggregate data from the NC GangNET database because it offered standardized criteria for validation of gang members, insured that members are purged from the system after five years of inactivity, and the system was being utilized by many of North Carolina's law enforcement agencies. The two diverse methods of data collected make it difficult to compare data from earlier years to recent information on gang members and gang activities. Surveys tended to provide larger numbers of juvenile and youthful gang membership numbers because there was no requirement of law enforcement to offer anything other than numbers of gang members by age. The NC GangNET system is a law enforcement intelligence sharing database that has some strict governance of what can be entered and how the information can be used by the certified users of the system. While there are no rules prohibiting the entry of juveniles in the NC GangNET system with the exception not allowing photographic image of juvenile faces, many agencies choose to not actively enter juveniles.
Gangs In North Carolina 2013 (analysis of 2012 data) a report to the General Assembly
Report to the North Carolina General Assembly on criminal gangs and gang crime in North Carolina. In 2007, the General Assembly requested a comprehensive statewide gang assessment and directed the Commission to study selected policy issues and report its findings and salient recommendations back to the legislature by March 15, 2008.
Youth Gangs in North Carolina's Communities
Perceptions of Youth Crime and Youth Gangs: A Statewide Systemic Investigation
Published in April 2000 on data gathered in 1999
The North Carolina Criminal Justice Analysis Center of the Governor's Crime Commission completed this statewide survey into the presence of youth gangs in our state's communities. The authors of this publication were awarded the 2000 Fredrick Milton Thrasher Award for outstanding research by the National Gang Crime Research Center.
The files are in PDF format requiring Adobe Reader and are broken into three sections:
Executive Summary and Table of Contents (section 1 of 3)
Literature Review and Study Findings (section 2 of 3)
Gangs in North Carolina Counties, county by county information (section 3of 3)
Criminal Justice Analysis Center Gang Related Journal Publications
Hayes, R. A., & Yearwood, D. (2000). Overcoming problems associated with gang research: A standardized and systemic methodology. The Journal of Gang Research, 7(4), 1-8.
Hayes, R. A., & Yearwood, D. (2001). a statewide assessment of gangs in public schools: Origins, membership and criminal activities. The Journal of Gang Research, 8(4), 1-12.
Rhyne , A., & Yearwood, D. (2006). An assessment of hispanic/latino gangs in north carolina: Findings from a general law enforcement survey. The Journal of Gang Research, 13(4), 1-14.
Rhyne , A., & Yearwood, D. (2007). Hispanic/latino gangs: A comparative analysis of nationally affiliated and local gangs. The Journal of Gang Research, 14(2), 1-18.
Lafond, B., Mehta, S., & Hayes, R. A. (2012). The gang officer's perception: Measuring intervention propensity among gang investigators. The Journal of Gang Research, 19(4), 37-51.