JJAC Recommendations

To implement the change in the age of juvenile jurisdiction the Juvenile Jurisdiction Advisory Committee's (JJAC) 2019 interim report recommends legislative changes to existing law, including:

  • clarification of the intent of motor vehicle offense language, to allow juveniles with a prior misdemeanor or infraction violation of motor vehicle laws other than DWI to be served in the juvenile justice system;
  • moving youth detained in a juvenile facility for an offense adjudicated in the adult system to a local jail upon their 18th birthday;
  • allowing for the court transfer of juveniles back to Juvenile Court upon joint motion of the prosecutor and defendant’s attorney, and expungement of any adult record;
  • requiring a probable cause hearing within 90 days of the juvenile’s first court appearance.

Full list: Recommendations for legislative changes

The JJAC also listed in this report the resources necessary to fund the expanded juvenile population that will accompany that increase in the age of juvenile jurisdiction. Fiscal year 19-20 (recurring and non-recurring) costs for North Carolina’s entire juvenile justice system – encompassing the needs of the Juvenile Justice Section of the Department of Public Safety; Administrative Office of the Courts; Office of the Juvenile Defender; and Conference of District Attorneys – are approximately $65.9 million. These funds support:

  • expanded programming and services in local communities, for dispositional alternatives for judges;
  • the operation and associated capital costs of 300 new beds for detention;
  • expanded staffing across the Juvenile Justice Section;
  • additional electronic monitoring and juvenile transport resources;
  • expanded availability and access to vocational services for confined youths;
  • added judges, district attorneys, legal assistants and deputy clerks, along with an additional juvenile defender and juvenile court resource prosecutor.

Full list: Resource/funding needs

The following organizations/entities have endorsed the Juvenile Jurisdiction Advisory Committee’s recommendations, including fully funding “Raise the Age” implementation. Additionally, local decision-making authorities such as county Boards of Commissioners have begun issuing resolutions in support of funding “Raise the Age” implementation; specifically, funding expansion of Juvenile Crime Prevention Council dollars to provide community-based programming and diversion options to schools, furthering school safety and reducing recidivism. Resolutions have already been received from the counties listed here.

AMIkids NC Family Services

Juvenile Justice Planning subcommittee of the Governor’s Crime Commission

American Civil Liberties Union of NC

Methodist Home for Children
Baptist Home for Children

National Alliance on Mental Illness NC

Benchmarks

National Association of Social Workers North Carolina Chapter

Buncombe NAACP

NC Advocates for Justice

Carolina Justice Policy Center NC Association of County Commissioners2
Child Fatality Taskforce NC Child
Children’s Alliance of Charlotte/Mecklenburg NC Collaborative for Children, Youth and Families
Children First/Communities in Schools of Buncombe County NC Parent Teacher Association
Community Alternatives for Youth NC NC Sheriffs’ Association
Conservatives for Criminal Justice Reform Office of Juvenile Defender
Criminal Justice Texas Public Policy Foundation Right on Crime Right on Crime
Disability Rights NC SPARC Foundation
Eckerd Connects

Thompson Child & Family Focus

 

Education Justice Alliance Wake County Young Republicans
Governor’s Crime Commission WestCare NC
Governor’s Crime Commission Special Committee on School Shootings (SCSS)1 Youth Justice Project of the Southern Coalition for Social Justice
Haven House Services NC Association of Chiefs of Police
Indigent Defense Services NC  

[1] Support legislation identifying gaps in the Juvenile Justice Reinvestment Act. Monitor and lobby for full funding of the act as established in existing fiscal notes. Adequate mental health counseling and other effective programs (such as psychological and assessment centers) for at risk youth must be fully funded if the threat assessment and school - law enforcement partnerships are to be effective.https://files.nc.gov/ncdps/documents/files/Special_Committee_on_School_Shootings_Report_Final.pdf 

[2] The NC Association of County Commissioners supports, “legislation and state funding to provide early intervention services for juveniles and fully fund the Juvenile Justice Reinvestment Act.” http://www.ncacc.org/734/2019-2020-Legislative-Goals

Beaufort Gates Pasquotank
Brunswick Granville Pender
Camden Greene Perquimans
Carteret Halifax Person
Caswell Hoke Pitt
Craven Hyde Sampson
Currituck Iredell Tyrrell
Davidson Johnston Vance
Davie Lenoir Washington
Duplin Martin Wayne
Edgecombe New Hanover Wilson
Franklin Pamlico