Hazardous Materials

Chemical wastes that contaminate the soil, seep into groundwater, or run into rivers and streams are a threat to public health and the environment. Photo processing chemicals, military munitions, lead paints, residuals from the petroleum industry, medical waste and used oil are all considered hazardous materials.

Most spills happen on highways as truckers transport materials. When a spill is reported, hazmat teams are sent to quickly contain and clean up the waste.

For CDL information regarding hazmat endorsements, please visit NCDOT.

Chemical Accident Prevention Program (CAPP)

CAPP builds upon existing requirements established in the Emergency Planning and Community Right-To-Know Act (EPCRA), and Section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act Amendments (CAA 112(r)), of 1991.  …Section 112(r) requires regulated facilities to submit a risk management plan to the EPA.  To determine if an address is within the hazard area of a potential release, contact your Local Emergency Planning Committee (LEPC), call the EPA hotline at (800) 424-9346, or check the Vulnerable Zone Indicator System (VZIS), at epa.gov.  

Knowing what chemical risks are nearby helps individuals and businesses protect their families and property, hold facilities responsible for reducing risk, and increases awareness of chemical safety. To help protect your community, participate in your LEPC. 

For information on your LEPC, contact your local Emergency Management Agency or email EPCRA@ncdps.gov

To Report a Chemical Spill  
NC Emergency Operations Center 800-858-0368
National Response Center 800-424-8802
NC EPCRA 919-436-2746
US EPA Hotline 800-424-9346

Facilities

Section 112(r) requires regulated facilities to coordinate emergency response plan with local emergency planning agencies and local emergency response agencies. Chemical Safety and Reporting (CAA 112(r) and the General Duty Clause). There are 140, 112(r) regulated substances, 77 extremely toxic and 63 extremely flammable substances.  Facilities using these substances in a single process not related to transportation and where the quantity exceeds the threshold quantity (TQ), must submit a risk management plan to the EPA.  There are three program levels and the owner/operator must determine which program level their facility falls under.  North Carolina is a “delegated authority” state, therefore, all municipal water and wastewater plants that file a risk management plan are automatically Program Level 3, which has the most stringent requirements.  Additionally, since 112(r) TQ quantities far exceed EPCRA’s TPQs, 112(r) facilities are required to submit an annual Tier II report for all substances on site that exceed the EPCRA TPQ and have an SDS. 

Any facility where extremely hazardous substances are present in any quantity, are subject to the General Duty Clause (GDC), CAA Section 112(r)(1).  GDC is a performance-based authority recognizing that owner/operators have a general duty and responsibility to prevent and mitigate accidental chemical releases. General Duty Clause under the Clean Air Act Section 112(r)(1) | Risk Management Plan (RMP) Rule | US EPA

For more information on Chemical Safety and Reporting

Right to Know

Information about chemical risks provides citizens and businesses with the knowledge to protect their families and property, hold facilities responsible for reducing risk, and increase awareness of chemical safety.

The Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act, known as EPCRA, requires facilities to submit information about annual releases of toxic chemicals. That information is available from the Environmental Protection Agency's Toxic Release Inventory.To find out if your home, school or business is located in a vulnerable area of a potential accidental release, contact your county emergency manager.

For more information see the EPCRA/Tier 2 webpage.

NC Hazardous Materials Regional Response Teams (NCRRT)

The NC Hazardous Materials Regional Response program (NCRRT) is a system of seven teams strategically located in the state to provide hazardous materials response services to the citizens of North Carolina. NCRRT is available to respond whenever an incident exceeds local capabilities with technical support, manpower, specialized equipment and/or supplies.

NCRRT is available to supplement local resources when an incident is beyond the first responders' capabilities or when an incident requires specialized hazardous materials training and equipment. If an incident commander or local emergency manager is on the scene of a spill involving a suspected or known hazardous material, and has a technical question or needs a hazmat team to respond to the scene, NCRRT can be requested by calling the State EOC at 1-800-858-0368 or at 919-733-3300. The State EOC will connect the requestor to an NCRRT Hazmat Technician 24 hours a day for technical advice or will facilitate dispatch of an NCRRT to the scene. 
Once on scene, NCRRT works within the existing command structure. The team leader is the primary point of contact with the team and will serve as the hazmat branch in the ICS system. The team provides assistance with mitigating the incident to a point where it has stabilized, and the emergency phase has been terminated. At that point, NCRRT clears the scene. 

For more information about NCRRT.

Who Cleans Up a Spill?

Clean-up of a spilled hazardous material and restoration of the site is the obligation of the responsible party. NCRRT and/or representatives from the N.C. Division of Water Quality or N.C. Division of Waste Management may provide guidance on how to select a cleanup contractor, though the state doesn’t endorse or provide contacts for clean up contractors.  If a responsible party has either not been identified, or is unwilling to take responsibility for the clean-up, the local emergency management coordinator, in conjunction with DEQ Water Quality and DEQ Waste Management representatives may authorize cleanup to begin. Reimbursement for costs associated with the local response and recovery may be submitted to the Environmental Protection Agency under their Local Government Reimbursement program. Legal action may occur against a responsible part for failure to properly clean up a hazardous materials release. 

NC Emergency Management Hazmat and Chemical Reporting Contacts

Justin J. Graney, State Hazardous Materials Manager

Justin is the State Hazardous Materials Manager and is responsible for management of the NCRRT Program. Justin can be contacted at 919-825-2286 or at Justin.Graney@ncdps.gov

J. Cole Owen, Assistant State Hazardous Materials Manager 

Cole is the Assistant State Hazardous Materials Manager and is responsible for management of the HMEP and Tier II Grant Program, as well as coordinating the state’s worst case analysis tool for local first responders and assists with general management of the NCRRT Program. Cole can be contacted at 919-825-2287 or at Cole.Owen@ncdps.gov

Joshua Langdon, State Hazardous Materials Coordinator

Joshua is the State Hazardous Materials Coordinator and is responsible for management of the Tier II and EPCRA program, as well as serving as the leader for LEPC’s across NC. Joshua can be contacted at 919-825-2277 or at Joshua.Langdon@ncdps.gov

Sarah Robison, State RMP Coordinator

Sarah Robison is the State Risk Management Program (RMP) Coordinator and is responsible for outreach and training for all RMP Facilities that fall under the Section 112(r) rules in North Carolina. Please email sarah.robison@ncdps.gov with any questions regarding the RMP Program.

Local Emergency Planning Committees Contact

Joshua Langdon is the State Hazardous Materials Coordinator and is responsible for management of the Tier II and EPCRA program, as well as serving as the leader for LEPC’s across NC. Joshua can be contacted at 919-825-2277 or at Joshua.Langdon@ncdps.gov